Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to review the photochemistry
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to review the photochemistry of CO-inhibited nitrogenase using visible light in cryogenic temperature ranges. Two α-H195 variant enzymes yielded extra indicators. BX-912 Asparagine substitution α-H195N provides spectrum filled with 2 detrimental ‘Hello there-2’ rings at 1936 and 1858 cm?1 using a positive ‘Lo-2’ music group in 1780 cm?1 while glutamine substitution α-H195Q makes a complex range that includes another CO types with detrimental ‘Hi-3’ rings at 1938 and 1911 cm?1 and an optimistic feature ‘Lo-3’ music group BX-912 in 1921 cm?1. BX-912 These types can be designated to a combined mix of terminal bridged and perhaps protonated CO groupings destined to the FeMo-cofactor energetic site. The proposed structures are discussed in terms of both CO inhibition and the mechanism nitrogenase catalysis. Given the intractability of observing nitrogenase intermediates by crystallographic methods IR-monitored photolysis appears to be a encouraging and information-rich probe of nitrogenase structure and chemistry. N2ase and selected variant enzymes in order to determine the vibrational frequencies associated with bound and free CO. The results are compared with related photolysis studies monitored by EPR as well as with earlier stopped-flow FT-IR BX-912 studies (SF-FT-IR). Exposure of N2ase to CO during turnover elicits varieties with a variety of EPR signals depending on the partial pressure of CO ((Kp1) offered basically the same results.) The closest correlate of our 1973 cm?1 band is the 1960 cm?1 feature that peaks over a period of ~10 mere seconds in the SF-FT-IR. The moderate difference in rate of recurrence (13 cm?1) between the 1973 and 1960 cm?1 photolysis and SF-FT-IR bands can BX-912 be attributed to a slightly modified environment possibly due to the use of cryogenic temperatures. It is not simply a solvent effect because low temp photolysis control experiments yielded the same 1973 cm?1 band in the absence of ethylene glycol (Assisting Info). For assessment in Mb-CO the dominating A1 substate band at 1945 cm?1 is accompanied by an A3 substate band at ~1930 cm?1 and an A0 substrate band at 1966 cm?1; these features arise from basically the same type of Fe-CO bonding where different conformations have different electrostatic and H-bonding relationships with the imidazole BX-912 side chain of the distal histidine. Environmental shifts over ~36 cm?1 are thus possible and our 1973 cm?1 band and the SF-FT-IR 1960 cm?1 band are likely the same as far as the site and connectivity of CO bonding and the redox status of the FeMo-cofactor are concerned. In any case our 1973 cm?1 band almost certainly results from the photolytic loss of a terminally bound CO molecule (Scheme 2). Our Lo-1 band at 1711 cm?1 is closest to the long-lived lo-CO band at 1715 cm?1 in the (Kp1) SF-FT-IR data[6b]. This relatively low frequency has always been difficult to explain and the problem is even greater for the second NCR2 Hi-1 band at ~1679 cm?1. For comparison [FeFe] H2ases have H-cluster forms with doubly bridging CO molecules but the bands for these species range from 1793 to 1848 cm?1 [14b 19 Bands as low as either 1790 or 1780 cm?1 are reported for bridging CO in Fe(I)-Fe(II) and Fe(I)-Fe(I) model complexes respectively but these are still much higher than the features we see at 1678 and 1711 cm?1. This suggests that there is something chemically distinctive about the CO bonding that causes the stretching frequency to move by an extra 100 cm?1 and that invoking lower Fe oxidation states is not enough. A different type of coordination with more than two atoms interacting with CO is one plausible explanation. A doubly bridging CO with either a strong H-bond or an ionic interaction is a possibility. One example is [Fe(CO)3]2[μ2-COLi(THF)3]2 where the Li-coordinated bridging CO molecules have bands reported at 1650 cm?1 . Another possible geometry with a triply bridging CO perpendicular to a 3-Fe base is suggested by the known compound [Fe(CO)3]3(μ3-CO)(μ3-NSiMe3). This complex has a strong CO band at 1743 cm?1 as well as a N that might mimic the unidentified atom ‘X’ in the centre of the FeMo-cofactor. The stretching frequency of a triply bridging CO could be powered lower by either side-on or ‘semi-bridging’ metal-CO relationships. As good examples in [Cp2Rh3(CO)4]? the.