HFD induced a further expansion of CD150+CD48? LSK cells (HSCs), HSPCs, and granulocyte monocyte progenitors (GMPs) in SR-BI?/? mice

HFD induced a further expansion of CD150+CD48? LSK cells (HSCs), HSPCs, and granulocyte monocyte progenitors (GMPs) in SR-BI?/? mice. on SR-BI?/? mice on HFD. Transplantation of SR-BI?/? BM cells into irradiated LDLr?/? recipients resulted in enhanced white blood cells (WBC) reconstitution, inflammatory cell production and plaque development. In patients with coronary heart disease, HDL levels were negatively correlated with WBC count and HSPC frequency in the peripheral blood. By circulation cytometry, SR-BI expression was detected on human HSPC. Conclusions SR-BI plays a critical role in the HDL-mediated regulation HSPC proliferation and differentiation which is usually associated with atherosclerosis progression. and our group exhibited that infusion of reconstituted HDL (rHDL) or lipid SU9516 poor human apoA-I inhibits hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) proliferation in hypercholesterolemic for 10 days. Cells were stained with anti-CD11b PE and anti-F4/80 APC-Cy7 to study macrophage production. (I) Quantification of LSK frequency in splenocytes and PBMC. To achieve a comparable analysis of HSPC frequency, 8 of 10 SR-BI+/+ mice on chow diet were females and SU9516 8 of 10 SR-BI?/? mice on chow diet were females. The mice on HFD were all males. To address the role of SR-BI SU9516 in the effects of HDL on HSPC, we enumerated the frequency of LT-HSC cells (briefly, HSC), LSK cells (HSPC) and granulocyte monocyte progenitors (GMP; CD34+ FcR+ lin? Sca-1? ckit+) in BM of SR-BI?/? and SR-BI+/+ mice on chow and HFD. In animals managed on chow diet, we found a 1.7-fold increase of the percentage of LSK cells in the BM of SR-BI?/? mice compared with WT controls (LSK%: 0.090% vs. 0.054%; 0.01; LSK%: 0.135% vs. 0.095% at 8 weeks of HFD; 0.184% vs. 0.090%, n=11 for each, 0.01) (Physique 1, DCE and Supplementary physique II and VI). Although no difference was seen when mice were managed on chow diet, the percentage of GMPs in BM cells was 1.2- and 1.5- fold increase in SR-BI?/? mice on HFD after 8 and 10 weeks of HFD, compared to WT mice on HFD (GMP%: 0.633% vs. 0.530% at 8 weeks of HFD; 0.816% vs. 0.537% at 10 weeks of Rabbit Polyclonal to VN1R5 HFD; n=11 for each, expanded LSK cells were confirmed by ELISA (C). (D) Plaque size in aortic roots of SR-BI?/? and LDLr?/? apoA-I?/? (double knock-out, DKO) mice that were placed on high fat diet (HFD) and received saline or human apoA-I injection. Quantification of LSK frequency (E) and LSK proliferation (F) in BMC of SR-BI?/? and DKO mice that were treated with HFD and injection of saline or apoA-I. (G) The percentage of pAkt+ LSK cells in the entire LSK cell populace in mice was measured by FACS. (H) BMCs were stained with LSK antibodies and then incubated with DCF-DA. The percentage of ROShigh LSK cells in the LSK populace was quantified by FACS. Only male SR-BI+/+, SR-BI?/? and LDLr?/?apoA-I?/? mice were used in the apoA-I infusion experiments. (I) ABCA1 expression in LSK cells of male SR-BI+/+ and SR-BI?/? mice on chow and HFD. n=3C6. (J) Following apoA-I injection, LSK frequency in LDLr?/? recipients transplanted with SR-BI+/+ or SR-BI?/? BMC. n=5C7. 6 male LDLr?/? and 6 LDLr?/? female recipients were used in the BM transplantation experiment. Open in a separate window Physique 4 The functions of p38MAPK and Akt phosphorylation on LSK quiescenceSR-BI+/+ and SR-BI?/? mice were fed on high fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks and then injected with saline or apoA-I while keeping the mice on.

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